UNDERSTANDING SHUTTER SPEED, APERTURE, FILM SPEED (ISO) & THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THEM

I’ve thought about covering off some of the basic principles of photography a few times on this website, but often find myself coming to the conclusion that someone else will have done a better job. The problem is, when I’m asked questions about some of the basics, most of the links I find online are so heavily based on digital photography, that I worry they create confusion in those looking to approach learning photography via analogue mediums.

As such, nearly 6 years into running this website, I thought I might put together a few articles on some of the basic principles of photography from, but talk about them in the context of analogue rather than digital. This first article is to focus on three key variables in photography: shutter speed, aperture and ISO (film speed), and the relationship between them.

EXPOSURE

The first thing to understand about these three variables is that if you strip a camera back to its most basic function, shutter speed, aperture and film speed are the only things beyond light itself that you need to understand to take a photo. These three variables amount to what’s called “Exposure”.

Exposure defines how light or dark a photo will be. With there being three variables, the relationship between them is often referred to as the “Exposure Triangle”. By understanding the exposure triangle it is not only possible to achieve correct exposure, but it also opens the up doors to creativity within photography.

It’s worth noting at this stage that the concept of “Correct Exposure” is a very deep hole – so for the sake of this post, let’s just assume we always want to achieve an even distribution of light, mid and dark tones across our photo.  This is about the most simple definition of correct exposure I can think of. As a definition, it overlooks many potential creative goals – but the point is here, to obtain the correct exposure, it is important to understand all three of the key variables, and indeed the relationship between them.

But, before we get to the relationship between them, it’s useful to understand how each one of the variables has a different impact on how your photo will look. To understand how they impact the photo, the best place to start is to understand what they do and how they work.

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Source (https://www.35mmc.com)

DOCUMENTARY // HOMME LESS, The Mark Reay Story

A wonderful documentary about chance and circumstance. A enjoyable thought provoking journey into the daily life of Mark Reay, Photographer, Model, Actor and Homeless…

HOMME LESS is about the underbelly of the American Dream, the hidden backyard of our society. Mark’s life stands as a metaphor for the struggle of the vanishing middle class in America. But it’s also a film about the relationship between New York City and one of its residents. New York is not simply a beautiful backdrop for this story. She’s the antagonist that dictates the direction M’s life is going in. The joy and pain, the love and hate, the success and denial New York is teasing him with, the hardship he is going through in order to stay in her grace and the inventiveness he comes up with to be with her are all unique. Mark walks the streets of Manhattan looking like a millionaire, wearing designer suits and expensive leather shoes. He seems to be well off, and works in the prestigious fashion and movie business. He is eloquent, charming and good looking, and obviously has a lot going for him. But while during the day he pursues a ‘normal’ life, late at night he goes to a place where the American Dream has turned into a nightmare.

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HOMME LESS captures a raw and unfiltered moment in time, our time. Like its title HOMME LESS has different layers and raises the question of how far are we from losing everything, even our homes, and with it a part of our dignity and humanity? How often do we have to pretend that everything is in fine order to keep up the facade of being a well-off member of society? And how far are we prepared to go to take the financial pressure off our shoulders to live a more carefree live, the live that we want to live? What went wrong in Mark’s life? How is he able to keep up his facade of success and fool everyone? What keeps him from going under? What motivates him to put up with this rather unthinkable situation? What were and are his hopes and desires in life? Mark stands lost and alone in the midst of eight million dreams, balanced between the glamorous surfaces of this vibrant and inspiring city and its far from glamorous hidden backyard. He is the Homme Less.

PURCHASE| WATCH SBS

Three Important Things If You're New To Film Photography

by Kyle McDougall

I’ve had a lot of people ask me similar questions when it comes to things like exposure, rating film, and scanning when shooting with film. If you’re new to the medium, the slight changes in workflow and process can be a bit confusing, so I wanted to put together this video and talk about three things that I think are incredibly important to understand when working with film. I hope this clears things up and helps anyone who is just starting out!

Source(Kyle McDougall Youtube)

REVIEW // Kodak Ektachrome 100 (E100)

By Damien Woods

News of Kodak bringing back their famous Ektachrome broke about 3 years ago? And eventually coming available late last year, I knew I had to get some. 5 rolls later, my first experience with slide film. I took some with me to a relative's home in sunny Pomonaon the Sunshine Coast here in Queensland. Photographing some of their garden whilst taking a small break over Christmas. With my Canon A1 and 50mm f/1.4 SSC (my current favourite both in size and performance). Different textures, colours, arrangements. Later some more plants in my own backyard. Even in low sun the colours remain vibrant.

Some other samples of E100 shooting a local car meetup, with occasional spot of cloud, waiting for early morning sun to bring out some colour in vintage cars. 
Favourite colours: burnt orange and green. Perfect.

Tech Stuff

  • Low Speed (100) Color Transparency Film (E6, Slide)

  • Exposed from 100

  • Film Manufacturer - Kodak Alaris *Probably Rochester New York

All shot on Kodak E100 Ektachrome, Canon A1, Canon 50mm f/1.4 SSC

Dev/ Scan - Racquet Studio

Scanning Film With Your DSLR with Matt Day

I've recently changed up my method of scanning film and have been really happy with the results. I went from years of scanning with an Epson V600 to using my Fujifilm X-T3 and a macro lens. Today, I'm breaking down the entire process from start to finish.

I've recently changed up my method of scanning film and have been really happy with the results. I went from years of scanning with an Epson V600 to using my Fujifilm X-T3 and a macro lens. Today, I'm breaking down the entire process from start to finish.

Source (Matt Day Youtube)

PHOTOGRAPHY APP // Frameable by Nick Bedford

Made with the app.

Made with the app.

Nick Bedford has been hard at work on a new social photography framing and presentation app for Android called Frameable. It’s only $1.19 on the Play Store, so grab it if you need something like this for your Instagram and posts. Really cool idea.

Frameable is an Android app designed especially for photographers who need to quickly and easily frame their photographs within a background, export and publish all on the same device.

With options such as an an image border, rounded corners, frame aspect ratios and image cropping ratios, and choices of colours, Frameable makes it easy to present your work online professionally with no other editing required.

Use Frameable to create square presentations for Instagram, or customise a framed presentation in a tall or wide aspect ratio with a background colour of your choice and publish as a story or even to frame a photograph for printing.

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Source: https://www.nickbedford.com/blog/2019/2/in...